Indefinite sentences of imprisonment for public protection have been replaced by a new regime which is effective from 3rd December 2012.
The primary sentence to replace the IPP is the Extended Determinate Sentence (EDS). This consists of a fixed term followed by an extended period of licence. There are two release provisions, depending upon the seriousness of the offence:
For less serious matters there will be automatic release after two thirds of the term. The offender will then remain on licence for the balance of the custodial term and the extended period thereafter.
The most serious offences will not result in automatic release until the expiry of the custodial term. The offender will however have the right to apply for parole at the two thirds stage.
In addition to the EDS there are now mandatory life sentences for those who commit a second very serious offence These offences can be found in a new Schedule 15B to the Criminal Justice Act 2003. The criteria are that the first offence must have resulted in a sentence of 10 years or more and the new offence must merit a determinate sentence of 10 years or more.